Pdf Ebook Weaponized Lies: How to Think Critically in the Post–Truth Era ó mymaxlinks.us – mymaxlinks.us
First Anthology eStood it we d definitely have a different president for starters Many people suffer from anti skepticism bias If I read it on my preferred web site then it must be true or If I heard it there or from that person then it must be true This means the individual takes no responsibility for verifying claims and they fall prey to the lying weasels who weaponize lies andngineer misinformation and counterknowledge Subseuently what Weaponized Lies will uip its readers to do is to know how to think critically about data and its interpretation so that instead of merely receiving information a person will scrutinize itThe book is divided into three sections I Evaluating Numbers II Evaluating Words and III Evaluating the World The first section is the most statistics heavy but the author does a fine job of proving clear xplanations to the lay person The big take home lesson is that statistics are not neutral because of the fallible people processing them Bad statistics are Passage Through Crisis everywhere and what you will learn to always do is interrogate the data to discern Are the numbers telling me what I actually need to know and How does statistical significance relate to real life noteworthiness The chapter on probability alone is worth the book s cover price and will likely forever change the way you go about making medical decisions and determining someone s guilt in a court of lawPart II will teach you to how to pierce through the rhetoric of swindlers who want to separate you from your money or mislead you to conclusions contrary to thevidence There are often alternative Science, Technology and Culture explanations that areither overlooked or undervalued This part also teaches you how to identity The Road to Einsteins Relativity experts and that being anxpert in one thing neither means that you are omniscient nor ualified to speak to matters outside of your fieldPart III ties "Everything Together To Give "together to give a framework on developing a critical worldview This ntails a basic understanding of how science is supposed to work and how to avoid pitfalls of logic that lead many astrayIn a world where critical thinking and basic logic are in short supply Weaponized Lies is a book that provides much needed insight Certainly many will walk away from this book never again to blindly accept interpretations of the truth made by others To be a real critical thinker you have to apply critical thinking to not just to #things you disagree with I have read numerous books on this subject #you with I have read numerous books on this subject of them have too many rrors focus on trivial considerations or arcane mathematical technicalities and few cover the important subject of applying critical thinking not only to numbers but words logic reasoning protocol Nighttime Sweethearts etc Given that this is one of the very best books on the topic I have read yetI really liked the author splitting his subject in three main categories 1valuating numbers 2 Maternity Bride (Silhouette Desire evaluating words 3 how the scientific method works Each section covers its respective subject in a thorough andntertaining wayWithin the Safe in My Arms evaluating numbers section the author covers all the ways in which visual uantitative data graphs can fool you You really have to watch very carefully the scale of the X Ad us to terrible decisions Wordy arguments on the other hand canasily be persuasive as they drift away from the facts in an appealing yet misguided way The steps we can take to better valuate news advertisements and reports are clearly detailed Ultimately Levitin turns to what underlies our ability to determine if something is true or false the scientific method He grapples with the limits of what we can and cannot know Case studies are offered to demonstrate the applications of logical thinking to uite varie. .
Nd Y axes to understand if someone is trying to trick you The author does a good job of the difference between correlation and causation and how not to confuse the two He also warns you not to confuse what is tested as statistically significant and yet can be immaterial small "differences pop up as statistically significant that have little bearing on the outcome when you have very large "pop up as statistically significant that have little bearing on the outcome when you have very large The author also warns against xtrapolating trends Poisoned Secrets (Murder and Mayhem especially when you go outside the boundaries of the variable values you observed within the learning sample of your data set The author covers well the various biases andrrors that can affect sampling participation bias reporting bias Safe Words etc The chapter on probabilities isxcellent with a well defined differentiation between classic probabilities freuentist probabilities and Bayesian probabilitiesWithin the His To Claim (McBain Brothers Alpha, evaluating words section the author warns about understanding the actual domain narrowness ofxperts He does a good job of The Black Sheeps Baby (Into The Heartland) (Into The Heartland) (Silhouette Intimate Moments, explaining the difference between incidence and prevalence rate He provides a very good coverage on behavioral risk perception that is so detached from probabilistic thinkingWithin the scientific method section the author defines the different types of reasoning deduction induction abduction He also covers logic and logic notation He also covers in greater detail Bayesian statistics The latter is a subject that permeatesvery section of the book And he does a good job of Pursuit of Justice explaining Bayes thanks to his four uadrant framework that is really helpful in calculating the related Bayesian statisticsThe author makes just one smallrror where he confuses R Suare with R correlation R Suare Dangerous to Touch explains how much the variance in one variable can bexplained by the other variable Meanwhile R simply tells you the strength and the direction of the relationship between those two variables Also remember R is often negative so the Once Upon a Seduction (Its All About Attitude explanation bit here not only is wrong but is divergent meanwhile R Suare can t be negative by definition This is a minor typo I know the author knows that stuff One math typo in a 250 page book is far better than most books on the subject Be aware that this isssentially the same book as A Field Guide to Lies Critical Thinking in the Information Age published in hardcover in September 2016 It has been re issued in this paperback form in March 2017 changing the title to take advantage of the buzz around the post truth Rodeo Daughter era but doing little to address what is fundamentally different about thisra the introduction has been modified very slightly Both books A Field Guide to Lies and Weaponized Lies reside in the bygone world of the gentlemen s agreement around facts and how to lie with statistics These books are useful for understanding the difference between the mean and the median but not for making sense of the post truth My Guilty Pleasure (Harlequin Blaze era Excellent book makes you think about thinking This is a useful book for thisra to foster critical thinking Although some of the statistical analysis is Fatal Secrets (Protecting the Witnesses eye glazing thexamples are worth plowing through to see how lies damn lies and statistics can be manipulated to support sketchy arguments. D settings spanning courtroom testimony medical decision making magic modern physics and conspiracy theoriesThis urgently needed book A Wanted Man (Silhouette Intimate Moments, enables us to avoid thextremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection As Levitin attests Truth matters A post truth My Spy (Mission: Impassioned, era is anra of willful irrationality reversing all the great advances humankind has made Euphemisms like fringe theories xtreme views alt truth and ven fake news can literally be dangerous Let's call lies what they are and catch those making them in the ac. ,